A Bird’s-Eye View of Hindi Cinema

Hindi film songs are an ornithologist’s delight. Or shall we say a Hindi film is heavily dependant on birds.  Whatever it is, we can rest assured that no Hindi film is complete without the mandatory bird song. The song could range from joyous to melancholic, from love/reunion to separation, from the profound to the bizarre. The bird-songs span a spectrum of emotions, a range of situations in life.

Like, for example, the must-have situations of joy and sorrow between lovers in a movie. The ecstasy of togetherness and the woe of separation.  The birds tell it all.

But before that, we shall explore the aviation fixation in childhood. From the joyous “Chun, chun, chun-kar aayi chidiya” from Md Rafi in Jab Dilli Door Nahin to the melancholic “Naani teri teri morni ko mor le gaye” a song from the old film Masoom sung by Ranu Mukherjee, the daughter of Hemant Mukherjee.  That cute little kid prancing around in her frock hoping that the “choron wala dibba” of the train shows up in the jail. And that the corpulent thanedaar punishes the thieves appropriately.

The bird songs really take flight when romance blooms. Like in the teenagers’ crush: “Kabootar, jaa, jaa, jaa” from the Salman/Bhagyashree starrer super-super hit, Maine Pyaar Kiya. The kabootar (pigeon) being the purveyor of messages between the besotted lovers. Or when the lovers meet and sing together: “Koel boli, duniya doli” in Sargam. Never mind if only Rishi Kapoor is able to sing, Jaya Prada can too, on celluloid. So what if she is physiologically unable to considering she is mute and deaf and able only to respond to her lover’s dafli in real life. While this song exhults in the koel boli, this one likens the lover’s voice to a koel’s, “Koel si teri boli” from the Anil Kapoor, Madhuri Dikshit starrer, Beta. The lovers here are slightly more grown up. Madhuri D. in a pink lehenga and Anil K. in his white dhoti. Rural ornithology, what say?

It is not that only koels and kabootars symbolize love, other species too contribute their humble mites.

A key specimen participating in the romancing process is the sparrow, aka Maina, aka muniya. Sapney’s “Ik bagiya mein rahti hai ek maina”. Ooh, la, la, laa! Which brings us to more of the sparrows. Some with the tota (parrot) as well. Like “Tota-maina ki kahani toh purani, purani ho gayi” from Shashi Kapoor and Shabana starrer, Fakeera. (Yes, Shabana sang bird songs as well!) The maina is also called muniya in common-speak. Says Raj Kapoor’s Hiraman to Waheeda Rehman’s Hirabai, “Mahua key sab ras moh liya liya rey, pinjarey waali muniya.” in Teesri Kasam. How entrancing! The sparrow spiriting away all the juices from the flowers of the mahua tree.

By the way, the mor is not too far behind in these joyous moments. “Morni baga mein bole adhi raat ko” from Lamhe. The rather macho “Tu jungle ki morni main baagan da mor” (Raja Saab). Or Dharmendra’s and Hema’s duet in Pratigya: “ Morni re morni”.

(Talking about mor’s, here is one more, in a different vein though. I am reminded of an Ajit joke. Warning: This is an old joke so all those who have heard it earlier, excuse me, please. Ok? Here goes:

Ajit, goes on a hunting trip with his henchman Raabert (Robert) when he hears a rustle behind a thick bush. Ajit pulls the trigger and silences whatever rustling behind. He then goes behind the bush to check the rustler he has silenced and emerges from the bushes triumphantly. A smile on his face. Robert enquires anxiously, “Kya tha boss?”. Ajit replies, “Mor tha, ab woh “no-more” hai! Khatam ho gaya!”)

Even the very generic panchhi is a great romantic bird. Chori Chori’s playful “Panchhi banoon udti phiroon mast gagan mein”, Bandini’s soulful “Oh panchhi pyaare” and the reflective “ Do panchhi, do tinkey” from Tapasya.

And this nadir of Hindi film music from the 80’s, Bappi Lahiri’s abominable “Bol ri Kabootari, gootar-goon.”

After the romance follows the longing.  “Pankh hotey to udd aati rey , rasiya o balamaa”, Rishi Kapoor in Zehreela Insaan reminiscing his loved one with “O hansini, meri  hansini”, complete with “merey armanon key, pankh lagakey, kahaan udd chali”. Or naughty one sung by Rafi and Asha in Nau do Gyarah, “So jaa nindiya ki bela hai, aa ja panchhi akela hai.” What better expression of longing, and, more importantly, desire! The searing “Pankh hotey toh udd ati rey, rasiya, o balamaa”, from Sehra, or the nostalgic “Ek tha gul, aur ek thi bulbul, donon chaman mein rehtey the” from Shashi Kapoor-Nanda starre Jab Jab Phool Khile.

See full size image

After longing, can sadness be far behind? Like the Ganga Jamuna’s classic separation song “Do hanson ka joda, bichhad gayo rey”. (It so happened that a few years after this movie was released the Congress party underwent its first split and each of the new entities had to take on a new symbol, very distinct from the original “pair of oxen” symbol (bailon ka joda). The opposition parties had a field day taking a dig at this by creatiing the ditty “Do bailon ka joda bichhad gayo rey”.)

Or the songs based on our friend, the ubiquitous panchhi: “Pinjre Ke panchhi re tera dard na jane koi” from Nag Mani, Bhabhi’s haunting “Chal ud jaa re panchhi ke ab yeh des hua begana”, and my personal favourite from Toote Khilone, That very uncommon Kishore Kumar song, “Nanha sa panchhi re tu bahut bada pinjara tera”. Or “Jaa rey, ja rey udd ja oh panchhi”, from Maya. Kailesh Kher broke through into stardom with this bird classic “Toota, toota, ek parinda” from the rather recent film Waisa bhi hota hai.

Lest you assume that the birds are employed only for the romantic stuff, let me hasten to add that they serve other diverse aspects as well. Like sheer naughtiness.  Ab Dilli Doo Nahin’s “ Chun Chun Karti Aayi Chidiya”. “Cheel cheel chillakar,seeti bajaye” from the Kishore classic Half Ticket and the utterly raunchy “Rakhna apni murgi sambhal, yeh murga hai deewana”. Sung by, of all the people, Amitabh Bachchan, in Jadugar. Don’t you dare translate this song into English!

The birds signal patriotism too. Like “Ham panchhi ek daal ke” from the eponymous film for kids. To the 15th August/26th January/2nd October staple of Vividh Bharati, “Jahaan daal-daal pey soney-ki-chidiya karti hain basera” from Sikander-e-Azam.

Or philosophical sentiments masquerading as entertainment: “Naach meri bulbul toh paisa milega” sung by Rajesh Khanna in Roti to the inebriated Johnny Walker in MadhumatiJangal mein mor nacha kisi ne na dekha”.

Even a riddle. Mera Naam Joker’s “Teetar key do aage teetar, teetar ke do peechhey teetar. Bolo, bolo, kitney teetar?”.

You must be wondering how the Hindi film industry missed the ubiquitous crow, seen in every village and town. Not that the crows are considered auspicious or romantic. And that is precisely how the Hindi films have treated them. Sample these. “Jhooth boley, kauva katey” from Bobby and “Kauwa chaley hans ki chaal” from Around the World.

Kauas have nothing to crow about as far as Hindi films are concerned!


Acknowledgement: A big thank you to the following gentlemen for suggesting songs for this piece, Ashutosh Ojha (Chennai), Piyush Desai (California, USA), Sanjeev Kumar Roy (somewhere else in California, USA) and Anshu Tandon (Lucknow). Birds of the same feather flock together, you know!

12 Responses to A Bird’s-Eye View of Hindi Cinema

  1. Sanjeev Roy says:

    Santosh ji, Very well written..

    Another heart-rending bird song that came to my mind is based on the “Chakor” bird (“Desi” Partridge) which has often been portrayed as the legendary symbol of unfulfilled love. Apparently this not-so-common bird is also the national bird of Pakistan (known as “Chukar” in Paksitan). This moon-love-smitten bird’s instinct to keep gazing at the moon and its infinite attempts to “jump and catch” the moon has been captured in this Indivar/Usha Khanna/Mukesh piece from Lal Bangla.

    Chaand ko kyaa maaloom, chaahataa hai usko ye chakor
    wo bechaaraa door se dekhe, kare naa koee shor

    door se dekhe aaur lalachaaye
    pyaas nazar kee badhatee jaaye
    badalee kyaa jaane, hain paagal kisake man kaa mor

    saath chale to saath nibhaanaa
    mere saathee bhool naa jaanaa
    maine tumhaare haath mein de dee apanee jeewan dor

    Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MMp8dmFXlgI


  2. alok says:

    aap to bade chidimar nikle 🙂

    nice, as usual!

  3. santoshojha says:

    Sanjeev: That is a lovely song!
    Alok: I am glad you limited your comment to chidimaar, and not placed my location in a chidiyakhana!!

  4. Nasir says:

    Did I miss GOREE CHALO NAA HANS KI CHAAL (hamrahi 1963)?

    Very imaginatively done. A good reference material too! It was a pleasure reading it too.

  5. Shaswati says:

    This was a real creative one… very imaginative and well written.
    After reading this, for a while i was only thinking about any other bird based songs which i like.

    There is one beautiful song from Guddi sung by Vani Jayram which is worth mentioning here is- “Bole re papihara”. Some of my personal favourits are- “Kuhu,kuhu bole koyaliya”, “Suno sajna papihe ne kaha sabse pukarke” from the Dharmendra starrer movie ” Aye din baharke”.

    I am still thinking of more…
    Thanks for this post!

  6. Seema says:

    Wah wah!!!!

    My contribution:

    Ramchandra keh gaye siya se aisa kaljug aaega hans chugega daana dunka kauwa moti khayega(GOPI),

    Sawan ka mahina, pawan kare sor
    Jiyara re jhoome aise, jaise banmaa naache mor(MILAN)

  7. RINKU says:

    This is my 1st reading of your blog and I liked it.Till now I was knowing that your Hindi Film songs are limited to Kishore Kumar.While reading this a childhood memory came in my mind,just when Doordarshan was introduced in early eighties.Do you remember that song in DD “EK CHIDIYA,ANEK CHIDIYA,DANA CHUNGNE AAYEE CHIDIYA…………

  8. santoshojha says:

    Shaswati: Great selection! And, as expected, all classical-based.

    Seema: How could I forget that Gopi song!! Would have made an interesting mention in my kauwa section.

    Rinku: Of course I remember the “Ek chidiya, anek chidiya” number! Who from that era of when we had only one-and-a-half channels can forget that!

  9. Amit Das says:

    Among all the classics..let me add the most popular number of early 90’s from Dil ” Koel si teri boli..ku ku ku” a soulful rendition from Udit,filmed on Amir Khan and my all time favourite Madhuri Dixit. Infact this song and movie “Dil” saved Amir Khan’s career
    ..This song was a super duper hit and ruled Binaca geet mala as Sartaaj geet, not to mention that this was also the most played song on Vivid Bharati.. Amit

  10. Amit Das says:

    Santosh..Pls remove my comment..I got confused between “Mujhe Nind ne aaye” and “Koel si teri boli” and your reference about the song in the above peice about Anil and Madhuri is correct..I think I need rest now,..mind is becoming numb..

  11. Atul says:

    Sparrow is “maina” ? I always thought that sparrow is “Gauraiyya”.

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